This course attempts to discuss the two most common types of welding and cutting (gas and arc), the danger that are involved in working with them and the safety measure that can be undertaken to minimize and prevent the occurrence of their associated hazards. The course goes on to study fire prevention techniques and the danger of preservative coatings when welding or cutting.
- Be able to differentiate between the standards for gas and arc welding and cutting
- Know the various fire prevention methods Understand the need and methods of ventilation
- Know the dangers of preservative coating and how to minimize them
End of Course Instructions
Congratulations on completing your course, you may now print your certificate of completion.
Subject Matter Expert
Michael Millsap - Mike has over 20 years experience in Environmental Health and Safety and is currently a certified Outreach Training Instructor with 360training.com.
PROGRAM OUTLINEBloodborne Pathogens (BBP)- Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is an infectious disease. It is a sexually transmitted disease.- AIDS is caused by Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV).- The risk of AIDS is small for workers with occupational exposure. - Only one percent of healthcare workers become infected with HIV.- Another bloodborne pathogens is Hepatitis B (HBV).- The precautions taken to prevent exposure to HIV and HBV can be used for all other BBP.- Viruses can be transmitted by blood and body fluids.- Occupational exposure for those people working in the healthcare field who are most likely to come in contact with blood and body fluids.- An assembly worker, crane operator or office worker would not be exposed unless they are designated first aid or CPR personnel.- Cosmetologists and barbers are included in OSHA's list of at-risk workers.- Personal service workers should be trained in the precautions of BBP, but they are not considered a risk for exposure.- Transmission of pathogens can be from exposure to skin cuts and abrasions.Exposure Control Plan- A written exposure control plan contains guidelines to reduce exposure to BBP.- Some of the basics of a plan include:o identificationo trainingo engineering controlso administrationo personal protective equipmento recordkeepingo good housekeepingo immunization- Identification must include the task, procedure and job class where occupational exposure to blood can occur.- Specify procedure for evaluating causes of exposure incidents.- Plan must be available to OSHA and employees.- Review and update plan annually.Engineering Controls- Engineering controls is another means of controlling or eliminating hazards.- Engineering controls include biological safety cabinets and approved waste containers for contaminated needles and sharps.- Controls also include sterilization of instruments and disinfectants for killing bacteria.Preventive Measures and Work Practices- Employees must follow specific procedures to reduce exposure to BBP.- Practices can include: personal hygiene, proper handling and storage of blood and blood products and proper waste disposal.- Biological waste must be placed in closeable, leak-proof containers with proper labeling.- Disposal of sharps, such as needles or glass, must be placed in approved and color-coded containers. - Do not shear, bend, break or recap used needles by hand.- Sharp containers must be installed so the top of the container can be seen by the shortest employee. - Use tongs or a broom and dustpan to pick up broken glass.- Transmission of diseases can be from skin punctures with contaminated blood products.- Wash hands with germicidal or anti-bacterial soap after removing protective equipment.- Keep personal protective equipment clean, sanitized, properly stored and free of contaminated products.- Selection of PPE depends on the nature of exposure.- Wear gloves, lab coats and gowns for skin protection.- Wear eye and face protection for splashes and spatters to the eyes or mouth.- For first aid emergencies, wear rubber gloves, face masks and eye protection.- In the case of an exposure accident, wash the exposed area with soap and water, report the incident to the supervisor and seek medical attention as soon as possible.- Sharps containers and regulated waste must be color-coded with appropriate labels.- Warning labels include orange or orange-red biohazard symbol affixed to containers.- Red bags or containers may be used with biohazard labels and signs.- According to Universal Precautions, all human blood and certain body fluids are treated as infected with BBP.Housekeeping- Housekeeping is part of the exposure control plan.- Contaminated surfaces, equipment, PPE must be cleaned and sanitized.- A disinfectant recommended by U.S. Public Health Service and the CDC is one-quarter cup of bleach to a gallon of water.- Contaminated clothing muse be sanitized.- Be prepared to find sharp objects to be left on clothing in the laundry.Hepatitis B Vaccine- If routinely exposed to BBP, the employer must make the Hepatitis B vaccine available.- If an employee chooses not to take the vaccine, a declination form must be signed.- The vaccine is three injections given over a six-month period.Medical Records- Medical records are confidential. Only certain information can be provided to your employer.
The final exam consists of 10 questions and must be passed with 70% to receive your certificate of completion.